Posts Tagged ‘University of Washington’

AIDS Drugs Can Also Prevent HIV, Research Shows

Wednesday, July 13th, 2011

The results of two new studies conducted in Africa show that antiretroviral AIDS drugs can cut a person’s chance of HIV infection through heterosexual intercourse by 50% when taken daily, a Washington Post article reports.

One study, called “Parterns PrEP,” was conducted in Kenya and Uganda by the University of Washington. The research was granted $63 million by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, but not all of that budget was needed because the results were so successful that the study concluded early.

The other, conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and fully funded by the federal government, met with similar success in Botswana.

By showing that antiretroviral drugs can help prevent HIV infection in the broad population in Africa, the studies expand on previous research, which demonstrated that these drugs worked to prevent infection in specific groups — women, male homosexuals and those whose regular partners are HIV positive.

The findings could have huge implications for HIV prevention: The antiretroviral drugs already used to treat HIV could very well be the key to preventing the infection from forming in the first place.

This could necessitate quick action: About 34 million people are living with HIV worldwide; of those, 6.6 million are taking antiretroviral drugs. Now that these drugs have been found to prevent infection as well, they could soon be needed in larger quantities to avoid new infections.

The University of Washington School of Medicine is a Research!America member.

Institutions, Government Tightly Regulate Animal Research

Monday, June 27th, 2011

Animal research exists to advance the health of humans and animals alike. The University of Washington is one such institution that conducts animal research and, according to a recent article, is the target of a new anti-animal research billboard campaign.

The National Institutes of Health, federally-funded researchers and research institutions work together in accordance with law, regulation and policy to protect animals used in federally-funded research. Specific to the NIH, its Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare regulates all NIH-funded animal research activities.

In addition to enforcing regulations on animal research, the NIH also provides resources to animal researchers. NIH’s National Center for Research Resources provides researchers with the “resources and tools they need to understand, detect, treat and prevent a wide range of diseases” using animals.

Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees must also be established at any institution using animal research.

According to its website, the Animal Use Training Program at the University of Washington is “dedicated to advancing knowledge and improving the health and well being of humans and animals through the humane and ethical use of animals in biomedical research.”

A recent poll commissioned by Research!America shows that 68% of Americans believe the use of animals in medical research is necessary for progress in human health. And strong positive support for animal research holds up over time: since 1992, the number of respondents who believe animal research is necessary has remained around 70%.

The University of Washington School of Medicine is a Research!America member.