Recent scientific advances in genome editing has made the technology more efficient, precise, and flexible than ever before. A new report published by the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Medicine, “Human Genome Editing: Science, Ethics and Governance,” explores important questions regarding human application of genome editing and offers principles for governing these technologies.
“The area of genome editing technology holds great potential in advancing science and improving human health, as we can offer cures and prevention to devastating genetic diseases, such as Huntington’s and sickle cell,” said Victor Dzau, M.D., president of the National Academy of Medicine and Research!America board member. The speed at which these technologies are being developed and applied has led many policymakers and stakeholders to express concern about whether appropriate systems are in place to expand the use of genome editing and engage the public, Dzau added.
The report discusses challenges such as balancing potential benefits with unintended risks, governing the use of genome editing, incorporating societal values into clinical applications and policy decisions, and respecting the inevitable differences across nations and cultures that will shape how and whether to use these new technologies. For the full report, click here.