Resources and Reports on Research & Development Spending

R&D spending in the U.S. is an important tool for science advocacy.  Such data provides context for policymakers as advocates make the case for public sector funding and private/philanthropic sector incentives aimed at spurring medical and other scientific progress. The following list of resources provides a robust array of data (recent and historical) on U.S. R&D investment, with a particular focus on funding for health-related research and development.

Private Sector

Beyond Borders Staying the Course, Ernst and Young, 2017

Comprehensive Biotechnology Industry Report for 2017 by Ernst and Young

2018 Global R&D Funding Forecast, R&D Magazine, 2018

Global funding for Research and Development outlook for 2018 by R&D Magazine

2018 Global Healthcare Outlook, Shared Challenges, Shared Opportunities, Deloitte, 2018

Global healthcare report for 2018, including healthcare spending, provided by Deloitte

2018 Profile, PhRMA, 2018

Investment of Research and Development for Drugs/Pharmaceuticals for 2018, provided by PhRMA

Public Sector

NIH Funding: FY1994-FY2016, Congressional Research Service, 2016

Congressional Research Service report on NIH funding history (from FY1994-FY2016), by Judith A. Johnson (2016)

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2017, Congressional Research Service, 2017

Federal Research Spending report for 2017, provided by the Congressional Research Service to Congress

Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute 2016 Annual report, Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), 2017

Annual report including Research funding and spending for PCORI

Federal Funding 2015-2017, National Science Foundation, 2018

National Science Foundation's Federal Funding 2015-2017 report

Historical trends in R&D, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2017

Comprehensive historical analysis of U.S. Research and Development from 1970's-2017 reported by American Association for the Advancement of Science

Justification of Estimates for Allocations, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, FY2018

Performance and Budget for Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, including for allocations for research, for fiscal year 2018

Guide to the President's Budget: Research and Development FY 2018, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2017

Overview and report on federal spending for 2018 reported by American Association for the Advancement of Science

FY 2017 R&D Appropriations So Far: A Roundup, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2016

American Association for the Advancement of Science FY2017 report on U.S. Research and Development federal funding, authored by Matt Hourihan, 2016 

USAID Global Health Research and Development Strategy 2017–2022, U.S. Agency International Development, 2017

U.S. AID Report to Congress:  Health-Related Research and Development Strategy 2017-2022

Funding history, Department of Defense, 2017

Current and historical funding of the U.S. Department of Defense medical research programs, reported by the U.S. Department of Defense

Voluntary Health Organizations and Other Philanthropic Investments

Aggregate Fiscal Data of Grants from FC 1000 Foundations, to U.S. recipients for health, 2014, Foundation Center, 2014

Summary of distribution of philanthropic grants to U.S. grantees compiled by the Foundation Center in 2014

Similarities and Differences in Philanthropic and Federal Support for Medical Research in the United States: An Analysis of Funding by Nonprofits in 2006-2008. Elizabeth R. Myers, et. al. Academic Medicine, 2014

Analysis of Non-Profit Funding 2006-2008 (full access posted through Health Alliance Research) authored by Elizabeth R. Myers, et. al, 2014

New Coalition Aims to Increase Philanthropic Funding of Basic Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2013

Article that describes a new coalition of philanthropic foundations, and the coalition's goal is to double funding within ten years, authored by S. Zielinski

Charitable Giving Report: How Nonprofit Fundraising Performed in 2017, Blackbaud Idea Lab, 2017

Fundraising performance for charitable donations 2013 in summary, presented by Steve MacLaughlin

Mapping Biomedical Research in the U.S.A., The Lancet, 2014

Overview and summary of all biomedical research funding in the U.S., authored by Brian Owens, the Lancet, 2014

Funding of U.S. Biomedical Research, 2003-2008, E. Ray Dorsey, et. Al., JAMA, 2010

Biomedical research funding analysis completed with retrospective data, authored by E. Ray Dorsey, et. al., JAMA, 2010

Policy Contacts

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