Resources and Reports on Research & Development Spending

R&D spending in the U.S. is an important tool for science advocacy.  Such data provides context for policymakers as advocates make the case for public sector funding and private/philanthropic sector incentives aimed at spurring medical and other scientific progress. The following list of resources provides a robust array of data (recent and historical) on U.S. R&D investment, with a particular focus on funding for health-related research and development.

Private Sector

2020 Global Life Sciences Outlook (Deloitte)

Report detailing current factors influencing the future of the Life Sciences sector 

2020 Global R&D Funding Forecast (R&D World)

Outlook on global research and development funding, including the impact of COVID-19 

2020 Global Health Care Outlook (Deloitte)

Report on the current state of health care, including discussion of health care spending

2020 Biopharmaceutical Research Industry Profile (PhRMA)

Yearly report on the biopharmaceutical research industry and its economic impact

The Bioscience Economy: Propelling Life-Saving Treatments, Supporting State & Local Communities (BIO)

2020 report in collaboration with TEConomy Partners summarizing the bioscience and biotech industries

Public Sector

Federal Research and Development (R&D) Funding: FY2021 (Congressional Research Service, CRS)

Annual report provided to Congress on federal research spending

Historical Trends in Federal R&D (American Association for the Advancement of Science, AAAS)

Comprehensive collection of federal R&D funding datasets (1970s-present)

National Institutes of Health (NIH) Funding: FY1995-FY2021 (CRS)

Synopsis of NIH funding, including breakdown by institute/center and program-specific funding

FY2021 R&D Appropriations Dashboard (AAAS)

Dashboard comparing White House, Senate, and House R&D spending proposals for FY2021

Overview of FY2021 Appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS) (CRS)

Report detailing FY2021 appropriations for various agencies, including NSF and OSTP

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Budget: Fact Sheet (CRS)

Overview of FDA funding history, including FY2020 appropriations

Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) 2019 Annual Report (PCORI)

Annual report detailing PCORI’s research funding and institute initiatives

NIH's Role in Sustaining the U.S. Economy (United for Medical Research)

Annual report outlining the economic impact of NIH research

Voluntary Health Organizations and Other Philanthropic Investments

Foundation Directory Online and GuideStar (Candid)

Extensive databases detailing R&D funding options from philanthropic and nonprofit organizations

Science Philanthropy Alliance

Organization of some of the largest philanthropies working to encourage investment in basic research 

Policy Contacts

America’s economic destiny lies in innovation, technology, science and research.
The Honorable John E. Porter