Eye Health

Thyroid eye disease is a serious, debilitating, and vision-threatening autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks muscles and other tissue behind and around the eyes, which can result in potentially sight-threatening proptosis (eye bulging). Symptoms include light sensitivity, bulging eyes, double vision, and red, watery, and irritated eyes. People living with thyroid eye disease frequently experience long-term reduced quality of life, including an inability to work and carry out many other day-to-day activities At a recent briefing held by the National Alliance for Eye and Vision Research (NAEVR), a Research!America alliance member, patient Christine Gustafson shared a common...
February is Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) and Low Vision Awareness Month. AMD is the leading cause of blindness in the United States and the developed world, as well as of low vision, which means that even with glasses, contact lenses, medicine, or surgery, people find everyday tasks difficult to perform. AMD destroys vision through proliferation of new blood vessels (“wet” or neovascular AMD, reflecting about 10% of cases) or where photoreceptors (light-sensitive cells in the retina) die away (“dry” or atrophic AMD, accounting for 90% of cases). Since AMD affects the central part of the retina—called the macula—the resulting vision loss makes it increasingly difficult for an...

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Paul Marinec, PhD; University of California San Francisco