The United States science and engineering (S&E) enterprise still leads the world, according to data published in the National Science Board's Science and Engineering Indicators 2016 report, released January 19. The U.S. invests the most in research and development (R&D), produces the most advanced degrees in science and engineering and high-impact scientific publications, and remains the largest provider of information, financial and business services, the report notes.
In the meantime, Southeast, South, and East Asia continue to rapidly ascend in many aspects of S&E. The region now accounts for 40 percent of global R&D, with China as the stand-out as it strengthens its global S&E capacity. According to the report, China is now the second-largest performer of R&D, accounting for 20 percent of global R&D as compared to the United States, which accounts for 27 percent.
The report shows that U.S. federal investment in both academic and business sector R&D has declined in recent years. "Our country's commitment to investing in R&D and in our higher education institutions has and continues to fuel our success," said National Science Board chair Dan Arvizu in a press release. "Other countries are emulating our model.”